Publications

Current publications are from the German Registry. Future collaborative and Australian Registry publications will be posted here.

  • Calcific uraemic arteriolopathy (calciphylaxis): data from a large nationwide registry.
    Calcific uraemic arteriolopathy (calciphylaxis): data from a large nationwide registry.
    BACKGROUND: Calcific uraemic arteriolopathy (CUA, calciphylaxis) is a rare disease predominantly in dialysis patients and associated with high mortality. Painful skin ulcerations and calcification of cutaneous arterioles characterize calciphylaxis.
    METHODS: We established an observational, Internet-based registry allowing online notification for all German CUA cases. The registry recorded data about patient characteristics, biochemistry and therapies. Blood samples were stored in a central biobank.
    RESULTS: Between 2006 and 2015, 253 CUA patients were recorded: median age 70 [interquartile range (IQR) 61-76]years, 60% females and 86% (n = 207) dialysis patients, translating into an estimated annual incidence rate of 0.04% in German dialysis patients. Fifty-two per cent received vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) prior to CUA. Skin lesions were localized in 71% on the legs or gluteal region. In dialysis CUA patients median total serum calcium was 2.20 (IQR 2.06-2.37) mmol/L, phosphorus 1.67 (IQR 1.35-2.03) mmol/L, intact parathyroid hormone 147 (IQR 72-276) pg/mL and fetuin-A 0.21 (IQR 0.16-0.26) g/L (normal range 0.35-0.95). Median sclerostin, osteoprotegerin, TRAP5b, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and c-terminal FGF23 levels were all elevated. The most frequently recorded therapeutic procedures in dialysis CUA patients were as follows: wound debridement (29% of cases), stopping VKA (25%), lowering calcium supply (24%), sodium thiosulphate (22%), application of vitamin K (18%), increase of dialysis duration/frequency (17%) and stoping active vitamin D (16%).
    CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 50% of CUA patients used VKA. Our data suggest that uncontrolled hyperparathyroidism is not the key determinant of calciphylaxis. Therapeutic strategies were heterogeneous. The experience of the German registry will help substantially to initiate a large-scale multinational CUA registry.

    Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2016 Jan.
    Brandenburg VM, Kramann R, Rothe H, Kaesler N, Korbiel J, Specht P, Schmitz S, Kr├╝ger T, Floege J, Ketteler M
  • Calciphylaxis. A call for interdisciplinary cooperation
    Calciphylaxis. A call for interdisciplinary cooperation
    Calciphylaxis is a rare, often very painful and potentially life-threatening disorder at the interface between nephrology and dermatology. It is characterized by skin lesions and ulcerations following calcification and occlusion of cutaneous arterioles. Most patients have chronic kidney disease or are on dialysis. A concert of various, still incompletely understood local and systemic risk factors is necessary to cause the development of calciphylaxis. Since randomized prospective trials are missing, interdisciplinary treatment is based on pathophysiological considerations as well as evidence derived from case reports or case series. Normalization of mineral metabolism, intensifying dialysis and avoidance of coumarins, as well as administration of calcimimetics, bisphosphonates and sodium thiosulfate and hyperbaric oxygen therapy are often used. Supportive measures include analgesics, antibiotics and local wound care. We have initiated an internet-based registry for patients with calciphylaxis in order to collect data for improved patient care (with support from Amgen) (www.calciphylaxie.de).
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21491129
  • Integrated Image Data and Medical Record Management for Rare Disease Registries. A General Framework and its Instantiation to the German Calciphylaxis Registry
    Integrated Image Data and Medical Record Management for Rare Disease Registries. A General Framework and its Instantiation to the German Calciphylaxis Registry
    Especially for investigator-initiated research at universities and academic institutions, Internet-based rare disease registries (RDR) are required that integrate electronic data capture (EDC) with automatic image analysis or manual image annotation. We propose a modular framework merging alpha-numerical and binary data capture. In concordance with the Office of Rare Diseases Research recommendations, a requirement analysis was performed based on several RDR databases currently hosted at Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Germany. With respect to the study management tool that is already successfully operating at the Clinical Trial Center Aachen, the Google Web Toolkit was chosen with Hibernate and Gilead connecting a MySQL database management system. Image and signal data integration and processing is supported by Apache Commons FileUpload-Library and ImageJ-based Java code, respectively. As a proof of concept, the framework is instantiated to the German Calciphylaxis Registry. The framework is composed of five mandatory core modules: (1) Data Core, (2) EDC, (3) Access Control, (4) Audit Trail, and (5) Terminology as well as six optional modules: (6) Binary Large Object (BLOB), (7) BLOB Analysis, (8) Standard Operation Procedure, (9) Communication, (10) Pseudonymization, and (11) Biorepository. Modules 1-7 are implemented in the German Calciphylaxis Registry. The proposed RDR framework is easily instantiated and directly integrates image management and analysis. As open source software, it may assist improved data collection and analysis of rare diseases in near future
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24865858